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New Cavaquinho Listed Below
GCSM 7 Acoustic Cavaquinho w/case
your price $199 / Retail-209 / Includes Softcase / Brazilian Cavaquinho Click Here For More Info, Colors, & Pictures
GCSE17 CT-EL Acoustic Electric Cavaquinho w/case
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GCSM 10 Acoustic Cavaquinho w/case
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GCSM 10-EL Acoustic Electric Cavaquinho w/case
your price $599 / Retail-799 / Includes Hardcase / Acoustic-Electric Professional all-solid Brazilian Cavaquinho / Giannini 2 Band Preamp Click Here For More Info, Colors, & Pictures
About The Cavaquinho
The "cavaquinho" is a small
string instrument (like the ukulele) of the European guitar family with four
wires or gut strings. It is also called machimbo, machim, machete (Portuguese
islands' and Brazilian designation), manchete or marchete, braguinha or
braguinho and cavaco.
The most common tuning is D,G,B,D (from lower to higher pitches) other tunings like G,G,B,D or A,A,C,#E are also used.
The origins of this Portuguese instrument are not easily found. Gonçalo Sampaio, who explains the survival of Minho’s archaic and Hellenistic patterns by eventual Greek influences upon the ancient calaics of the region, puts an accent on a link between this instrument and those historical tetrachords. The author sustains that the cavaquinho and the guitar may had been introduced in Braga by the "biscaínhos".
In Spain there is a similar instrument to this Portuguese "cavaquinho", belonging to the guitar family called the requinto, which also has four strings, a flat bridge, cover and ten fret wires, which tune is D-A-C sharp-E from low to high pitches. Jorge Dias consider it imported from Spain too, where the "guitarra", "guitarrón" or "guitarrico" are also found along with the Italian "chitarrino", saying: without fixing the date of its introduction, we have to recognise the remarkable honour that the "cavaquinho" achieved in Minho by reason of people traditional music character, its joyful songs, its lively dances ... The "cavaquinho", as a rhythmic and harmonic instrument with its own vibrating and cheerful sound, is one of the most fited instrument for accompanying "viras","chulas", "males", "canas-verdes", "verdegares", "prins".
It became an important instrument in Brazilian music, especially samba and choro. The standard tuning is D-G-B-D. Some of the most important players and composers in the instrument's Brazilian incarnation are Waldir Azevedo and Paulinho da Viola. The cavaquinho is also found in other places were the Portuguese made an imprint, namely Cape Verde and USA (especially Hawaii), and also in these it became an important part of the typical music of those places.
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